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Seychelles general information

Seychelles: general information

Presentation of general information about the Seychelles, peculiarities of the historical, political and economic development, investment environment, business industry and set of financial instruments as well as international reputation of the jurisdiction

Seychelles general information
Why to choose Seychelles?

Why to choose Seychelles?

Detailed research of features and advantages of all business companies types which could be incorporated within the jurisdiction of the Seychelles

Why to choose Seychelles
Seychelles: IBC & CSL

Seychelles: IBC & CSL

The brochure is devoted to research registration process, capabilities, tax rates and application practice in business environment of Seychelles IBC and CSL.

Why to choose Seychelles
Seychelles: Foundations, Trusts, Limited Partnerships

Seychelles:
Foundations, Trusts, Limited Partnerships

The brochure deepen in the essence of the next types of Seychelles entities such as foundations, trusts and limited partnerships which are considered suitable vehicles for international tax planning, assets protection and other financial activities.

Why to choose Seychelles
Seychelles: Cooperation between companies

Seychelles:
Cooperation between companies and banks

The brochure provides considering relationships between banks and entities that is a natural extension of opening an entity in the Seychelles.

Why to choose Seychelles
Seychelles: frequently asked questions

Seychelles:
frequently asked questions

The brochure summarizes the survey about Seychelles offshore and answers some frequently asked questions, which arise when acquainting with the Seychelles jurisdiction.

Why to choose Seychelles
UNITED KINGDOM: OVERALL REVIEW

UNITED KINGDOM: OVERALL REVIEW

In this brochure, examples of practical use of an LTD are examined eg provided detailed information on a business purposes as using an LTD as company receiving dividends, holding company and nominee or agent. Another one issue is to study complex guidance how to rule an LTD and LLP.

UNITED KINGDOM: OVERALL REVIEW
UNITED KINGDOM: LTD & LLP (part 1)

UNITED KINGDOM: LTD & LLP (part 1)

This brochure presents an information about tax rates and tax residence status in the UK. In addition, it is studying the details of the most demanded business structures, particularly Private Company Limited by shares (LTD) and Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

UNITED KINGDOM: LTD & LLP (part 1)
UNITED KINGDOM: LTD & LLP (part 2)

UNITED KINGDOM: LTD & LLP (part 2)

In this brochure, examples of practical use of an LTD are examined eg provided detailed information on a business purposes as using an LTD as company receiving dividends, holding company and nominee or agent. Another one issue is to study complex guidance how to rule an LTD and LLP.

UNITED KINGDOM: LTD & LLP (part 2)
Public Limited Company

Public Limited Company

In this brochure, the leading experts of our company provide answers on the most popular questions related to this business structure. There is an excellent possibility to fill up your knowledge by information about doing business with the help of Public Limited Companies, receive an explanation on the rules how to sell the company's shares on the stock market and other advantages.

Public Limited Company
Scotland: WHY NOT?

Scotland: WHY NOT?

This brochure fulfilled the UK jurisdiction series with Scottish business structures. All the requirements, practice of application, advantages, main differences between the UK LLP and Scottish LP and other issues are examined in this survey.

Scotland: WHY NOT?
Hong Kong: Comprehensive Review

Hong Kong: Comprehensive Review

This brochure dedicated to inform about business atmosphere and business facilities in the studied jurisdiction, explain the reasons of popularity of Hong Kong entities for tax-optimisation purposes. Familiarity with this brochure is the first step on a way to the possibility of carrying on successful business in stable economic conditions of Asian region with maximum benefits.

Hong Kong: Comprehensive Review
Hong Kong: Choosing Business Vehicles

Hong Kong: Choosing Business Vehicles

The present research concerns the most popular forms of business organization in Hong Kong, as well as the basic rules of their use for the purposes of breaking down the tax burden. The brochure contains a number of clarifications regarding the demand for offshore structures in Hong Kong, a minimum set of requirements for the establishment and registration procedures.

Hong Kong: Comprehensive Review
Hong Kong: Frequently Asked Questions

Hong Kong: Frequently Asked Questions

This brochure summarizes the research concerning the reasons of popularity, business opportunities, tax rates, companies and partnerships in Hong Kong. This is an interview where our manager answers frequently asked questions, appeared during the time of studying the Hong Kong jurisdiction.

Frequently Asked Questions
Business Purposes: Regular Practice

Business Purposes: Regular Practice

The brochure says on corporate and classical targets of Hong Kong enterprises, provides examples of practical use of the enterprises established in Hong Kong. Here we specify the long-term and short-term goals of business structuring, as well as the use of Hong Kong enterprises to operate as a trading company, the company, opening a representative office in China and a holding company, which owns the rights to ownership of the company in China.

Business Purposes: Regular Practice
UnitedKingdomOverallReviewBrochurePopup
HongKongOverallReviewBrochurePopup

A Tax Havens History in Short.

October 13, 2016

The appearance of such notion as “tax haven” runs as deeply as the countries’ resolution to charge duties from their residents.

What makes a tax haven? – Various jurisdictions take various measures to attract businessmen from the regions with high taxes. Some countries keep their tax rates low; some nominate separate cities or areas low tax or tax-free zones. It helps to boost local economy and gain the loyal attitude of native population.

Ancient Rome can’t but should be mentioned as the first attempt to introduce the tax-free areas, something like free economic activity zones. The first case recorded goes as far as the 2nd Century BC: to undercut the Greek island Rhodes’ state the Romans proclaimed the port on the island of Delos duty free. Notwithstanding the fact that Rhodes charged only 2% on trade, the new tax-free port drew away all its trade. In fact the island’s era as a commercial power ended.

Rome widely used taxation policy to penalize enemies and reward friends. Tax-free status was often granted to the cities and areas loyal to Rome. The territories, not loyal to the Empire were obliged to pay tribute and often at sword’s point. Judea, the antique kingdom, lost its freedom, because it refused to sign the treaty of friendship with Rome. The treaty should have led to a tax-free status of the territory, but in fact Jews lost their country for 18 centuries.

Muslim conquerors practiced introducing taxation policy as a means of proselytizing on the new territories. The original Muslims seized a great territory between what is now Spain and Pakistan.  Though they demonstrated relative tolerance toward monotheists, like Christians and Jews, they also charged special tributes from those individuals, who refused to be converted to Islam. So, a little number of the native inhabitants became fervent Muslims in the conquered lands.

The colonial powers of Europe, vice versa, – attracted incomers to the New World introducing favorable laws on taxation. The citizens of England, Holland and Spain were suggested low tax rates as an encouragement for taking a long voyage over the ocean and settling in wild places, often with the unfriendly natives. Ironically, American Revolution emerged after the attempt of English government to raise levies in American colonies, so that they pay for their administration and defense.

The majority of economic experts agree that Switzerland was the “true” original tax haven and Liechtenstein followed it. The Swiss banking system has been long known as a capital heaven, especially for those individuals and entrepreneurs, who ran away from social disturbance in their countries of origin, like Germany, Russia, South America, etc.

In the very beginning of the XX century, after World War and the consequent devastation a lot of European governments increased taxation rates to cope with the post War reconstruction. Being neutral most of the time during World War, Switzerland did not have to use such measure. There was no need to rebuild Swiss infrastructure. In such a way the state gained the position of the low tax base and it resulted into the significant capital flow into the country for tax-related reasons.

The term “Tax Haven” has undergone several changes in meaning in course of the time, particularly after World War II. Between 1920’s and 1950’s it mostly stood for the “states where a person could retire and minimize the post-retirement tax burden.” Later on, however, business entities started to use such zones more and more to reduce their overall financial obligations.

As a rule the tax-reduction strategies are based on the double taxation agreements signed between the jurisdictions. Corporations structure the company ownership in such a way that they can benefit from the double taxation treaties and decrease their tax burden. They pay less in the countries with low tax liability.

Incongruously, but the United Kingdom should be named the first nation to bear the most responsibility for tax havens coming into existence. In 1960’s-1970’s Great Britain encouraged lots of its overseas territories to become independent, so that they could develop their own economic systems and depend less on the financial aid from the Whitehall. At the same time, in the end of 1960’s the Labour government of the country introduced the unprecedented 90% top marginal tax rate.

By mid-1980’s the prevalent number of tax havens changed their laws to improve corporate instruments, so that they could become “hypothecated” and released from local taxes. In the majority of cases, such legal entities could not do business locally. The vehicles were then referred to as “exempt companies” or IBCs – international business companies/corporations.

A present-day tax haven may even not necessarily be a separate country. In the USA, for instance, the shift of businesses and capital was observed from high regulation, high taxation rate states like California, New York and Illinois, to low tax states like Florida or Texas. These states use taxation policy cleverly to develop industry, create jobs and, finally, increase tax returns at the expense of the former.

Contact us to get more details as to the corporate vehicles in the jurisdictions best matching your business.

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